Historical background




21 April 2020

100 Years of the Pilsudski-Petlura Alliance

100 years ago, on the night of April 21/22, 1920, a Polish-Ukrainian agreement was signed, which went down in history as the Polish-Ukrainian Alliance Pilsudski-Petlura. Poland recognized Ukraine's right to independence and a common border on the...

01 September 2019

80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Second World War

Eighty years ago, German aggression on Poland started the Second World War. In the early hours of 1 September 1939, troops of the German Reich crossed the Polish-German border. Polish Army put up military resistance and expected the Allies’...

01 August 2019

75th anniversary of the Warsaw Rising

On Thursday, August 1, 2019, we mark the 75th anniversary of the Warsaw Rising. Every year, at 5 p.m. on this day, alarm sirens are heard on the streets of Warsaw. The city comes to a halt. In holding a minute of silence, Warsaw residents pay tribute...

18 May 2019

“The task that has befallen us will bring worldwide glory to the Polish soldier” – the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Monte Cassino

The Battle of Monte Cassino was one of the toughest and bloodiest battles that determined the outcome of World War II.   It was the fourth assault by the Allied forces on German troops controlling the Benedictine abbey atop the hill of...

03 May 2019

228th anniversary of the 3 May Constitution

The text of the 3 May Constitution of 1791 is traditionally credited to King Stanisław II August, Grand Marshall of Lithuania Ignacy Potocki, and the priest and philosopher Fr. Hugo Kołłątaj.   The adopted constitution drew...

02 May 2019

Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Day

In 2002, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland established the Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Day to be celebrated on 2 May in recognition of the "long-standing achievements and contribution of the Polish diaspora and Poles living abroad in helping...

02 May 2019

Poland’s Day of the Flag

The Day of the Flag is celebrated on 2nd May. On this Day, Poles reflect upon the long history of the red and white national colours and proudly display flags outside their houses.     Polish national colours, which is a rarity...

01 May 2019

Fifteen years of Poland's membership in the EU

On 1 May 2004, Poland, together with the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta, joined the EU. The 2004 enlargement was the largest in the Union’s history. In the first step, on 16 December...

10 April 2019

Ninth anniversary of the Smolensk plane crash

In the early morning hours of 10 April 2010, a special Tu-154M plane crashed near Smolensk, with Polish President Lech Kaczyński and First Lady Maria Kaczyńska on board, killing all 96 passengers – top state officials, military commanders, and...

01 March 2019

"Cursed Soldiers" National Remembrance Day

"The war is not over [...]. We will never agree to a different life, except in a fully sovereign, independent and fair Polish State [...]. I give you my last order. Continue your work and activities in the spirit of regaining full independence of the...

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