Historical background




18 May 2019

“The task that has befallen us will bring worldwide glory to the Polish soldier” – the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Monte Cassino

The Battle of Monte Cassino was one of the toughest and bloodiest battles that determined the outcome of World War II.   It was the fourth assault by the Allied forces on German troops controlling the Benedictine abbey atop the hill of...

03 May 2019

228th anniversary of the 3 May Constitution

The text of the 3 May Constitution of 1791 is traditionally credited to King Stanisław II August, Grand Marshall of Lithuania Ignacy Potocki, and the priest and philosopher Fr. Hugo Kołłątaj.   The adopted constitution drew...

02 May 2019

Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Day

In 2002, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland established the Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Day to be celebrated on 2 May in recognition of the "long-standing achievements and contribution of the Polish diaspora and Poles living abroad in helping...

02 May 2019

Poland’s Day of the Flag

The Day of the Flag is celebrated on 2nd May. On this Day, Poles reflect upon the long history of the red and white national colours and proudly display flags outside their houses.     Polish national colours, which is a rarity...

01 May 2019

Fifteen years of Poland's membership in the EU

On 1 May 2004, Poland, together with the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta, joined the EU. The 2004 enlargement was the largest in the Union’s history. In the first step, on 16 December...

10 April 2019

Ninth anniversary of the Smolensk plane crash

In the early morning hours of 10 April 2010, a special Tu-154M plane crashed near Smolensk, with Polish President Lech Kaczyński and First Lady Maria Kaczyńska on board, killing all 96 passengers – top state officials, military commanders, and...

01 March 2019

"Cursed Soldiers" National Remembrance Day

"The war is not over [...]. We will never agree to a different life, except in a fully sovereign, independent and fair Polish State [...]. I give you my last order. Continue your work and activities in the spirit of regaining full independence of the...

01 March 2019

Did You know that after end of World War II, many Polish soldiers did not lay down their arms?

As a result of post-war agreements, Poland found itself in the Soviet sphere of influence. In response, almost 200,000 people joined the anti-communist underground!   The authorities sentenced soldiers to years of imprisonment, many died on...

01 March 2019

Doomed Soldiers National Remembrance Day

Memory of the 1944-1956 anti-communist underground fighters finally received recognition with the establishment, in 2011, of the Doomed Soldiers National Remembrance Day. The Memorial Day is commemorated on 1 March, the anniversary of carrying out...

27 January 2019

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

27 January, the anniversary of liberating the German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, marks International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust, officially proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 2005....

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