History




17 April 2018

Did You know that without the discoveries made by the Polish chemist Jan Czochralski computers and mobile phones would not have been invented?

At the beginning of the 20th century, Jan Czochralski developed d the method of growing monocrystals, which form the basis of modern electronics. The value of the global electronics market is estimated at many trillion dollars a year. As much as 90%...

13 April 2018

Today we commemorate the victims of the Katyn massacre

In 1940, 22,000 Polish officers were murdered by the Soviet NKVD. The USSR authorities decided to shoot Polish prisoners of war, considering them to be "enemies of the Soviet leadership." The murders were carried out in what is today Russia and...

10 April 2018

Eighth anniversary of the Smolensk plane crash

In the early morning hours of 10 April 2010, a special Tu-154M plane crashed near Smolensk, with Polish President Lech Kaczyński and First Lady Maria Kaczyńska on board, killing all 96 passengers – top state officials, military commanders, and...

06 April 2018

Did You know that Anita Włodarczyk is the first ever female athlete to defeat a man?

During the Rio 2016 Summer Games Olympics, Anita Włodarczyk won gold and shattered the WR in the hammer throw with the result of 82.29 m. She threw further than the gold medalist in the men's category. The best result among men was achieved by...

03 April 2018

Did You know that the mine detector is a Polish invention?

At the turn of 1941/42, two Polish lieutenants Józef Kosacki and Andrzej Garboś developed the world's first mine detector. The Polish invention was used during the Second World War and the Persian Gulf conflict. The design of the device and its...

30 March 2018

Did You know that the oil industry was born in Poland?

In 1853, the Pole Ignacy Łukasiewicz, the creator of the oil lamp, obtained a patent for refining crude oil. He also founded the world’s first mine of this resource – in Bóbrka near Krosno. The complex can be visited today. It houses the...

28 March 2018

Contest for the best publications promoting the history of Poland and Polish diplomacy

The Minister of Foreign Affairs announces a contest for the best foreign language publication promoting the history of Poland and the best Polish language publication on the history of Polish diplomacy . The competition welcomes books published in...

27 March 2018

Did You know that Stanisław Lem’s work is the most frequently translated non-English literature in the world?

His numerous references to philosophy and modern science, in-depth reflections on political systems and, above all, broad subject matter amazed his colleagues. One of them, the famous American science fiction creator Philip K. Dick, asserted that...

23 March 2018

Did You know that Tadeusz Kosciuszko bequeathed all of his property in his will to the emancipation of slaves in the USA?

Did You know that Tadeusz Kosciuszko, the hero of both Polish and American independence wars, bequeathed all of his property in his will to the emancipation of slaves in the USA? According to his will, his inheritance was to be used for buying...

16 March 2018

Did You know that Polish cryptologists cracked the Enigma code – produced by a German cipher machine that was considered impossible to decode?

In 1938 Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski made a mathematical analysis of the cipher on the basis of which they built a copy of the machine. Their work allowed for further decoding of increasingly modern Enigma models by Polish...

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